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Techniques not considered to result in genetic modification

Certain techniques are not considered to result in genetic modification:

  • in vitro fertilisation;

  • natural transformation processes eg conjugation, transduction or transformation; and

  • polyploidy induction.

In addition, there are certain techniques where the bulk of the Regulations do not apply, provided they do not use recombinant genetic material or GMOs in the first instance:

  • mutagenesis;

  • cell fusion (including protoplast fusion) of cells of any eukaryotic species, including the production of hybridomas and plant cell fusions; and

  • self-cloning where the resultant organism is unlikely to cause disease or harm to humans.


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